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Stacks is a Bitcoin L2 that enables smart contracts and decentralized applications to use Bitcoin as a secure base layer. Stacks is the current leading Bitcoin L2 by developer traction and market cap and is poised to help unlock Bitcoin and its $500B in passive capital as a fully programmable, productive asset.


Stacking is the process of locking STX tokens to participate in the Stacks network's security, generating Bitcoin rewards in return. Blockdaemon now offers enterprise-grade Stacking for institutional clients.

Start Stacking

Protocol Elements

Operational Efficiency

The minimum amount of STX required for Stacking is dynamic.

A useful resource for estimating the minimum STX needed is

Token Lockup Period

Tokens are locked for approximately 2 weeks, with slight variations due to the Bitcoin network's confirmation time variances.

Stackers must confirm their intention to lock STX before the prepare phase of the next reward cycle, which is the last 100 Bitcoin blocks of the ongoing reward phase.

No Slashing Mechanism

Unlike staking mechanisms on other blockchains, Stacking in the Stacks network does not have a slashing mechanism. This means Stackers do not risk losing their stacked STX.


Rewards for Stacking are paid out in BTC, not STX.

The original STX tokens are unlocked at the end of the cycle without any deduction for participation.

Generating additional STX is possible through means separate from the Stacking process.

Public Validator: STX holders are able to delegate to Blockdaemon public validator to participate in the network and receive rewards

White-label Validator: Holders wanting their own validator can stake their STX to participate in the network to receive rewards

Get Started

Intersted in Stacking STX?

Get in touch with Blockdaemon today to learn more about Stacks and how to get started stacking STX.